Define Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a perplexing behavioral condition that often emerges from emotional and mental health stability.
A narcissist meaning is a person who has an excessive interest in admiration of themselves and lacks empathy.
NPD has emerged in the dimensional model of “Personality Disorders” and has been highly related to other disorders in mental health
This article will assess your understanding of the factual narcissist definition, narcissistic behavioral patterns and talk about types of narcissists you may find around you.
Likewise, we will enlighten you regarding different symptoms to identify NPD and discuss ways to deal with a narcissistic relationship.
Etiology of Narcissistic Behaviour – The Cause
The cause of the narcissistic behavioral condition is multi-layered. A few examinations have proposed a hereditary inclination toward the issue.
Although, it could also include other environmental and social factors like:
- Child abuse or child disregard
- Unrealistic expectations of guardians
- Unnecessary parental spoiling and pampering
- Toxic social relationships (toxic friends, siblings, or parents)
- Having or involving in multiple sexual relationships (this crucially accompanies narcissism)
Understanding Narcissism & NPD
These days we all are fascinated by the idea of narcissism. That’s maybe because we all have some narcissistic traits, or we have known someone like that.
Most people have narcissistic traits today; due to the emerging use of technology and social media.
Hereby, studies have confirmed that social media plays a role of narcissism super spreader among the youth by engaging them in low self-esteem feelings.
But before tagging anyone with a label of narcissism, make sure you first understand all types of narcissistic people and behavioral patterns.
Identifying Narcissistic Personality Disorder Traits
Health care experts claim that people diagnosed with NPD must exhibit at least five of these narcissistic personality traits:
- They are arrogant and demanding.
- They feel they have a sense of entitlement.
- They have a sense of self-appreciation and fake confidence.
- They consistently think and desire to be more successful, beautiful, charming, smart, alluring, and loved than others.
- They only want to be associated with high-status individuals in their society or groups.
- They exhibit readiness to exploit others to accomplish their goals and objectives.
- They lack empathy, understanding, and consideration for other person feelings.
- They react poorly to criticism; either they will start crying, or they will walk away.
- They also tend to over exaggerate about their accomplishments.
Also, few added traits are that they will engage in risky sex, engage in impulsive behavior, and always misinterpret high ego issues with high self-esteem.
Narcissists think they have high self-esteem. Whereas people who have healthy self-esteem are usually humble, and they rather always keep themselves on a pedestal, saying that they are better than others.
8 Types of Narcissists You Need to Know
Based on these traits, here are the following eight types of Narcissists:
1. Exhibitionist Narcissism
- In these cases, the requirement for constant consideration and attention is always on fire.
- They think they are superior to others physically and mentally. As a result, they always look down on others, even their loved ones.
- They are very status-conscious and worldly people. Exhibitionist beings believe they are extremely special. Thus, others must respect them all the time.
2. Grandiose Narcissism
Grandiosity means an unrealistic sense of superiority, and that’s exactly how they keep on feeling all the time.
- They mostly fantasize about omnipotence and supremacy.
- They can be exceptionally enchanting, self-obsessed, and normally anticipate special treatment.
- They can also be ruthless in their capacity to spot weakness in others and use it against them.
- They are profoundly cutthroat and will embarrass others to acquire success.
3. Covert Narcissism
A covert narcissist at times is alluded to as a “vulnerable narcissist.”
- This kind of individual will generally be passive-aggressive yet appears to be exceptionally defenceless and helpless.
- They will, in general, introduce themselves as casualties and start to cry or act to acquire other’s attention. Generally, they battle with anxiety, stress, and depression symptoms.
4. Sexual Narcissism
- The sexual narcissist feels entitled to have multiple sexual partners. They have a selfish perspective on sex, and they are not very interested in their partner’s needs.
- They often misjudge their abilities in the room since they are not exceptionally fixed on their accomplices.
- However, they have an egotistical admiration for their sexual powers. Thus, they anticipate a ton of praise for their performance in bed. They respond poorly to sexual rejections.
- They expect sex as a trade-off for gifts and will pressure, maneuver or trick, their partners into having intercourse with them.
- Sexual narcissists are usually cheaters, as they feel entitled to get sex somewhere else if they don’t meet their sexual necessities, regardless of the commitment of monogamy.
5. Malignant Narcissism
- This dangerous personality disorder is a cross between serious narcissistic behavioural conditions and antisocial personality disorder.
- They cannot feel compassion and empathy. They are what science calls a ‘mental case’ or ‘sociopaths’.
- These aggressive, manipulating, paranoid individuals are dehumanizing to people around them. Just like the word “Malignant,” they show signs of maliciousness.
- These are the kind, who vigorously perform narcissistic abuse.
- If you have now figured you are dating one, run away fast because they will hurt you mentally, physically, emotionally, financially, sexually. Unfortunately, you will never find any remorse in their eyes.
6. Somatic Narcissism
- Somatic narcissists get their self-esteem from their bodies and physical appeal. They may appear with fake confidence showcasing themselves as fitter, stronger, or beautiful than others.
- Such narcissists frequently self-obsess on their weight and physical appearance and scrutinize others based on their physical appearance.
- If you ever find this one around you, try not to show enthusiastic reactions to their physical appeal; since such narcissists feed on compliments.
7. Cerebral Narcissism
- Cerebral or scholarly narcissists get their ego boost from their psyches, contrasted with the somatic narcissist who gets worth from their bodies.
- Cerebral narcissists get their feed from feeling more intellectual, wiser, and cleverer than others.
- Cerebral narcissists believe they have more brilliant minds than others. While trying to take care of their self-image, they will attempt to cause others to feel unintelligent.
- In case you’re dealing with a cerebral narcissist, protect yourself from their words. Even when they are wrong, you’re never going to win a debate or arrive at any conclusion where they admit that they are certainly wrong.
8. Healthy Narcissism
Every individual has a bit of narcissism inside them, and it’s never harmful.
Yeah, that’s true! Healthy narcissism does exist!
Just because somebody has narcissistic traits doesn’t mean they have a narcissistic behavioral condition or NPD.
As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, to be clinically diagnosed to have NPD, an individual needs to show essentially 55% of the most well-known indications of narcissism.
Most of us might have a few traits of narcissism without meeting the criteria for NPD. Thus, what’s below 55% can be termed as healthy narcissism, and it’s positive.
- An individual with healthy narcissism will feel glad for their achievements and share them with others since they make them feel better.
- Healthy narcissism brings a sense of entitlement, where you know that you belong to a certain place and deserve good things in life.
- But, never can you ever think of harming other people.
Signs of a Narcissistic Relationship
- They lack empathy. Do they care about how your day went? Or Do they ever ask you about your fights and arguments with friends? If not, then whether your partner is romantic or not, every narcissistic relationship collapses if they don’t empathize or sympathize with you.
- They don’t have friends. Most narcissists will not have any long-term, genuine companions. Dive further into their associations, and you might see that they have few work colleagues, pals they trash-talk with. Therefore, they may erupt in rage when you need to spend time with your friends.
- They certainly believe they are always right. Argument with an NPD person feels impossible. You will mostly end up feeling like they don’t hear your opinion, they won’t understand, they never take responsibility for their actions on an issue, they will never sacrifice. Also, because they never think they’re wrong, you will never get an apology.
- They gaslight you for no reason. Gaslighting is a type of manipulation and psychological mistreatment, and it’s a crucial sign of narcissism. Narcissists might bring up glaring lies, falsely accuse you, spin the truth, and question your morals. They will make you doubt yourself with these questions, and this way, they feel superior to you.
The Bottom Line
What is the Treatment for Narcissism?
So, after learning so much about narcissistic personality disorder, is there any way to treat NPD?
Psychotherapy and counseling with a psychologist are the essential treatment for narcissistic personality disorder patients.
It assists the patient with acquiring more noteworthy knowledge into their behavioral patterns and realize what transforms they need to make in their lives:
Likewise, your psychotherapist may prescribe some drugs to deal with side effects like nervousness, anxiety, stress, and sadness.
Prescriptions mostly include mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and antipsychotic drugs.
Making the following healthy lifestyle adjustments can also help:
- Practising 30 minutes of yoga daily, like Surya Namaskar.
- Practising 10 minutes mediation daily.
- Drink at least 2-3 liters of water daily.
- Eating more wholesome organic foods and lesser processed foods.
- Avoiding alcohol, smoking, and drugs as they might trigger negative behaviours.
Since personality traits are not easy to change, it may take several years for the patient to feel normal again.